James Cox - Bristol West

I am fighting in Bristol West for an exit from Brexit, to end injustice in mental health and to create real opportunity in education. On this page, you can find my views on all that is happening in Bristol, in parliament and in the world of politics

Why the 'Porn Block' is the wrong move

Discussing issues of sex and pornography in the public sphere, particularly in politics, is quite a taboo and one usually avoided. According to one study, 56% of the population regularly watches pornography. Despite this, it is not a conversation that most people feel comfortable openly discussing or even admitting to. As a habit, it is comparable to drinking. Most of the population do it and consume it in moderation in a way which is fun for them. Issues come in when the actors on screen are being exploited and the consumer develops dangerous habits and addictions. None of these problems are solved by the Conservative and Labour-supported Porn Block.

The Porn Block is aimed at stopping under-18s from viewing adult material. A perfectly sensible principle and one which most reasonable people would support. Indeed, I am a supporter of comprehensive sex and relationship education for under-18s, with understanding and safely interacting with pornographic material vital to that.

The main problems with the Porn Block come in two parts – privacy and principle. The Open Rights Group have raised major concerns with fundamental aspects of the Porn Block. The provisions for age verification – how one proves they are over 18 – have raised concerns over privacy implications of user data collection and the ineffectiveness of the process. These systems are already frequently prone to hacking and the use of relatively easy to access software such as anonymous web browsers and virtual private networks will only throw more shade into the industry rather than transparency.

For most people, the idea of giving away key personal information such as your name, age, address and personal habits to a third-party gatekeeper which then sells that information straight to the adult film companies – some perfectly reputable, some sadly not – is unfathomable. We would not allow this sort of invasion of privacy in any other form, but the government feels it can shame us into complying. The alternative of buying what amounts to basically as a Porn Pass from your local shop is again fraught with problems. Studies show that convenience stores are significantly less likely to ask for proof of age, and the scope for third-party buying and selling of these passes opens up a new and petty black market.

The second key issue is the principle that we would allow, yet again, the government further access into our personal lives and control of our personal habits. With essentially the selling of our personal data – combined with the powers of the Snooper’s Charter – we are allowing the government to monitor and record our porn habits. For me, this is a completely intolerable invasion of my privacy.

It is frankly not the government’s business what you get up to, as long as what you're doing is legal and is not harming others (a grey area and one I will come to address). This monitoring is not designed to protect under-18s as, by their own mechanism, the only way you would be able to theoretically access this content is if you were over-18, so why are the government so keen to keep a watch over what we are consuming?

Protecting under-18s from unsafe content and abuse is a key responsibility of government. The Porn Block simply will not do that. I am, as everyone should be, deeply concerned about the links between pornographic addiction and sexual violence, particularly in young males. Harm reduction should be at the heart of the government’s strategy. Educating young people about the nature of pornographic materials and the dangers of addiction and abuse could be a lot more effective than simply throwing a blanket over the reality of it and demanding abstinence and ignorance. With ignorance, we lose the tools to make safe and positive choices, which when it comes to sex can be fatal.

The government should also be working with the adult film industry to ensure that adult film stars are properly protected under the law, have access to worker’s rights and the tools to reduce instances of harm and abuse.

Sex, in all its forms, is a public policy area most politicians shy away from. From this void, evangelicals are able to enforce their will and the case for an evidence-based policy with an emphasis on harm reduction often goes silent. We cannot continue in silence otherwise our privacy, civil liberties and right to be human beings will continue to come under attack.


James Opposes Bristol Airport Expansion

My colleague in Bath, Wera Hobhouse MP, this week came out in support of my stance opposing expanding Bristol Airport. 

As Lib Dem Energy & Clime Change Spokesperson, Wera is an important voice in the national debate on aviation policy and I'm thrilled to have her support on this issue.

What was already a complex marriage of issues: economic opportunities, tourism strategies, environmental protection and local well-being concerns has been further complicated - and yet simplified, for me - with the commitment at a national and local level to recognise the scale of the climate emergency and to implement policy and systems changes to tackle it.

In October last year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reported that a global temperature rise above 1.5 degrees would have catastrophic consequences.

In light of this report, in May this year the Committee on Climate Change outlined how the UK could achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

The Liberal Democrats are a true environmental party and are determined to achieve net-zero by 2045, if not sooner.

Achieving net-zero involves cutting emissions across all sectors to almost zero, where feasible, and offsetting the remaining emissions by taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere through planting forests and a range of technological methods.

I am a great lover of travel. Flying can form a positive part of life in a globalised world, making the rest of the planet and its diversity of cultures within reach. I do believe that distance causes division and that when we enhance our understanding we enhance our ability to empathise and do good.  

Blocking expansion of Bristol Airport, which is already way under its current 10 million passengers limit, is not incompatible with that vision. 

I also firmly believe in the ability of markets to quickly adapt when new rules are introduced. By blocking the expansion of the airport, on the condition that there won't be any expansion until we've decarbonised the aviation industry, we give a far greater incentive to the industry to innovate and change in order to survive and thrive in the new marketplace. The government should be encouraging industries through both incentives and barriers. The aviation industry is no different and uniquely placed to lead in the fight to decarbonise capitalism. 

With the need to reach the net-zero emissions target an essential priority, all public policy must be assessed by this. Therefore, Wera and I cannot support the expansion of Bristol Airport.


Give the people the final say or revoke Article 50

Following Theresa May's Brexit statement, a petition calling for Parliament to revoke Article 50 and stay in the European Union has received more 900,000 signatures.

In the latest development of the Brexit soap opera, Theresa May has asked the EU for a short extension so she can get her deal through on the third time of asking. The European Union have been very hesitant about granting an extension without concrete plans in place.

Bristol West has become one of the highest constituencies by signatories, with over 5,500 signatures in just a few hours (at time of writing).

With only eight days to go, the Prime Minister's deal has been defeated twice, the EU wants to see a plan before agreeing to an extension, and the Speaker has, rightfully, blocked the PM from presenting the same bill a third time. Meanwhile Jeremy Corbyn continues to talk about his fantasy Brexit plan while storming out of meetings. We are at the cliff-edge and neither the Tories nor Labour have a plan beyond jump and hope for the best.

Liberal Democrats and I have from day one argued that this process must end with a People's Vote, giving the public the final say on the deal with the option of remaining in the EU. This is the only way the Prime Minister can keep her vote alive, this is the only way out of this mess entirely. 

However, Remain MPs cannot allow themselves to be blackmailed by Theresa May's threats of her deal or no deal. If an extension won't be granted allowing enough time for a People's Vote, then article 50 must be revoked. At which point I personally advocate a national conversation through a citizens' assembly before presenting that to the people and giving them the final say and a chance to once and for all exit from Brexit

SIGN THE PETITION HERE: https://petition.parliament.uk/petitions/241584


3 Months to Stop Brexit

As Parliament finally returns today, we are facing the greatest constitutional crisis of our lifetime. MPs are deadlocked on what happens next with Brexit. This is our opportunity to stop Brexit. 

Theresa May delayed the vote on her deal in order to avoid unleashing momentum behind the People's Vote campaign. With the new date set for next week, one thing is clear - Nothing has changed, the quote the PM herself. 

That then leaves a litany of different options for the Prime Minister. Jeremy Corbyn has proposed that the PM go back and negotiate a customs union with the EU. Putting aside Corbyn's mantra that there is no time for more renegotiation, there is absolutely zero appetite from the Europeans for this fantasy of an idea. 

Our Labour MP is pushing the second unicorn: Norway-plus. This model would have us join EFTA for EEA access, but also join the EU customs union in order to avoid a border on the island or Ireland. Whilst it solves that problem, it still leaves the UK as rule-takers and not rule-makers, having only "influence" over the rules of the Single Market and the Customs Union. 

No deal is unpalatable to the majority of the MPs and cannot be allowed to happen. Even the Prime Minister knows this and when push comes to shove, I believe she will not take us off this cliff. 

So the only realistic pathway available is a People's Vote on the PM's deal. It is time we gave the British people the final say on Brexit and give them the option to democratically choose to remain part of the European Union. 

Whilst there has been a ground-swell of cross-party MPs coming to support this - including Labour's Darren Jones and Kerry McCarthy here in Bristol - the Liberal Democrats remain the only major national party who want to give the people the final say on Brexit. 

Now is the time for Labour and Conservatives alike to put democracy and the national interest first and put Theresa May's deal to the people for them to decide if its what is in their interest. We have 3 months to stop Brexit. Let's not waste another minute. 


Paddy: The Saviour of British Liberalism

The word 'hero' can be overused. It's meaning to describe someone who possesses courage, has many outstanding achievements and noble qualities seems to have got lost. But if there is one word to describe Paddy Ashdown, for me, it would be a hero. 

Born in 1941, Paddy joined the Royal Marines in 1959 and served for almost thirteen years gaining the role of Captain and also working as an intelligence officer. 

Paddy left the diplomatic service to pursue a career in politics having defected to the Liberals from Labour in 1975. He was selected for the Yeovil seat in 1976, where his passion and hard work in the local community pushed the Liberal Party from third place to win the seat in 1983. 

When the Liberal Party and Social Democratic Party merged in 1988, the party was in dire straits. Reminiscing about becoming leader in 1989, Paddy would often talk about how the Liberal Democrat vote was often represented by just an asterisk - the margin of error. The baptism of fire meant the Liberal force in Britain would either have to rise or cease to be a political relevance.

One of Paddy's most abiding beliefs was the realignment of progressive politics in Britain. One of the reasons he had left the Labour Party was over its perpetual internal conflicts, undermining the cause for social justice. Paddy worked very closely with Tony Blair whilst in opposition - with the talk of a Progressive Coalition at the heart of it. He always believed in working above party-politics, and that the only way real change could happen was by people working together in common cause. In 2016, after the great rift of the EU referendum, Paddy helped to launch 'More United' a political startup aimed at raising money for progressive and liberal candidates from across the political spectrum. At the 2017 general election, they helped over 80 candidates - Lib Dems, Labour, Green and even a Conservative. 

Paddy made a name for himself as the fighter of causes that others felt either too complicated or controversial. He led the campaign for Hong Kong citizens to be allowed to keep their British passports and more recently that Afghan interpreters be allowed to resettle in the UK. 

His vision of Britain was one which looked out openly to the rest of the world. He passionately led calls for Britain to intervene in the Human tragedy in Yugoslavia. He has long since been an ambassador for Remembering Srebrenica and even became the UN High Representative for Bosnia & Herzegovina. 

It would not be an understatement to say that Paddy saved the Liberal tradition in this country. Without his hard work, clarity of thoughts and sense of mission there may not be a Liberal party in the UK - certainly not one which since its inception won a quarter of the votes at general elections and formed a government. 

It would not be an understatement to say that Paddy saved this country - it's reputation and purpose - many times. Whilst others question Britain's role in the world, Paddy got it right time and time again. Where there are injustices and human tragedy, where there is tyranny and subjugation of people, we have a moral duty to stand with the people against dictators. We have a moral duty to defend human rights across the world. 

Every day, I am reminded of Paddy's influence on me. He is what all Liberals and progressive should aspire to. A great man without who's sense of moral duty, pragmatic tenacity and optimistic vision of a fairer society means that the country we live in may have been quite different without him. 

We are going to miss you, Paddy. Thank you - for everything. 


The Future is Liberal; The Future is Feminist

This weekend marks the centenary celebrations of women being allowed to stand for Parliament. 100 years later and we have had 450 women MPs, 42 women cabinet members and 2 women Prime Ministers. Not enough, but numbers that 100 years ago would have been unthinkable.

Our current batch of Parliamentarians features four incredible women MPs – each of whom is an inspiration to what Liberal MPs should be doing. Christine Jardine, a passionate unionist, who as our Spokesperson for Scotland is leading the charge against Scottish Nationalists both in Westminster and north of Hadrian's Wall.

Wera Hobhouse – our nearest MP in Bath – has already made a huge impact with her Upskirting Bill, getting support from across the house to end this injustice. As our Local Government Spokesperson, she is also putting pressure on the government to build the millions of homes young families need.

Layla Moran was only elected in 2017, but already she has proven herself as one of the finest parliamentarians around. Her passion for education policy is infectious and she is making the most powerful and radical case for real change in our schools’ system. Layla works incredibly hard locally and has been a fantastic spokesperson for the People’s Vote campaign.

Jo Swinson, our Deputy Leader and Foreign Affairs Spokesperson, entered the House at just 25 years old and already has such an incredible record of delivery. As a Minister for Business and for Women & Equalities, Jo introduced incredible measures like shared parental leave, extended flexible working rights, clamped down on unscrupulous payday lenders and won government support to bring in gender pay gap reporting. Her passion for gender equality is best articulated in her great book Equal Power – a call to arms for all of us and a guide for what we can do to bring about a more equal society.

I am proud to be in a party that carries the values of Liberalism and Feminism so closely and passionately. We still have a long way to go. Whilst women make up a third of our parliamentary party, they are still disproportionately underrepresented at candidate, council and activist level. During the coalition government, we had the opportunity to add to the diversity of the cabinet, but we failed to do so. That was wrong, that cannot happen again.

I am not too disheartened though. As a party, we are making active efforts to ensure women have equal opportunities. Our policy of all-women shortlists has helped some amazing candidates into seats that mean they are just one general election away from being MPs. Whether its Laura Gordon in Sheffield Hallam or Daisy Cooper in St Albans, we are ready to be a party that represents the type of country we want to lead.

Politics, especially at a local level, can be a boys club, but we can change that and change it now. Meetings cannot be all male, target seats should take into account gender representation, committees and decision-making bodies should be actively recruiting women. We have, too many of us, got used to a culture that subtly and insidiously undermines what women can offer our parties. This has to change and we all need to be a part of that change. 

The future of our party is feminism. The values of equality of opportunity and empowerment of individuals are in our blood as liberals, and the talent and ideas of the future will, in my mind, undoubtedly be led by those values. We have a lot of work to do, we have a lot of prejudices and comfortable cultural norms to disseminate, but we have the opportunity to lead the way as we have done in the past. The future of Britain is Liberal; the future is feminist.


Fight to Defend our Human Rights

Today is Internation Human Rights Day, marking the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Today we can celebrate what we have achieved but also raise awareness about the risks to these rights which we have fought so hard to get. 

One of the reasons I joined the Liberal Democrats is that we believe we should all be free from an overreaching state and that the individual freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and the Human Rights Act are central to a free and democratic society.

You can draw a clear link between the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Human Rights Act, both of which are celebrating are celebrating milestone anniversaries this year. The Human Rights Act is one of our Parliament's greatest legislative moments and has supported thousands of individuals to protect their rights - whether it be Deepcut or Hillsborough. 

There have always been threats to our rights, whether it be Labour Home Secretaries wanting to be able to lock people up without charge, or Tories wanting to scrap the Act altogether, Liberals have stood firm and not flinched in our commitment to protecting your rights. 

So on this momentous day, let me reiterate that decade's old commitment so that in 70 years time we can be celebrating this milestone again. The movement cannot stand still; we must jump on injustices. I oppose any attempt to water down, withdraw from or abolish the European Convention on Human Rights and the Human Rights Act. 

The Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Bill, however, represents a real and present threat to our rights and freedoms. Currently, with the Lords, it is due back to the House of Commons soon for ascension. If our MPs vote the same way then every single Tory and Labour MP will be voting for it - even Bristol West's. 

The Liberal Democrats are leading the campaign against this. Rather than fighting terror by protecting our freedoms, Labour and the Tories are signing off on a litany of ill thought through new proposals blindly expanding the government's power. But what does the bill actually mean?

  • It means if you watch the wrong YouTube video just once, you face up to 15 years in prison. 
  • It bans even photographs of certain flags or clothing declared illegal. 
  • Local authorities like Bristol will be brought under the controversial Prevent Counter-Extremism strategy, without an independent review of the scheme. They will also be given new powers to keep your biometric data for much longer, even if you haven't been convicted of a crime. 
  • It also gives unprecedented powers to border security staff to detain, interrogate and search you even in the case of no suspicion of wrongdoing. There is no requirement for officers to give any justification for their actions. 
  • It criminalises journalists, human rights activists and aid workers who travel to 'designated areas' of terrorist activity. 

It is wrong, will do nothing to prevent terrorists and is an assault on our basic human rights and freedoms. Our MP is currently voting with the Tories for this. Please in the coming days and weeks, get in touch with your MP and ask them to fight to defend your human rights. 



Government in contempt of Parliament and the People

Brexit has, at times, felt like a very long, complex yet boring Netflix series. So it comes with little surprise that as we approach the series finale, the government’s history of bad decisions and contempt of democratic principle would reach a dramatic zenith. The government – specifically two cabinet ministers – are likely to be found in contempt of parliament; a historic moment in the history of our parliament. 

The reason for this is because of the government’s decision not to publish to MPs the legal advice given to the government over the Brexit withdrawal agreement, despite a motion in the House of Commons commanding the publication passing unanimously.

Whilst this is an unprecedented moment for Parliament, it follows a clear pattern of this Conservative Brexit government treating the role of Parliament with contempt, seeking to undermine and overcome the duties of our Parliament and the role of MPs in holding the government to account.

This government, don’t forget, had to be taken to the Supreme Court just to allow Parliament to do its duty in passing Article 50. Since then, the government has sought to ignore Parliament. Whether it’s been withholding strategic information, intimidating the Lords, misleading MPs, fighting against MPs having a meaningful vote or refusing to involve other parties in the Brexit process, this government has spent energy and political capital working to subvert Parliament rather than work with it.

Brexit, we've been told, is about sovereignty. Brexiteers have spent years telling us that our Parliament will ‘take back control’, but this government clearly doesn’t believe that. If Brexit were truly about sovereignty it’s government wouldn’t hold the role of Parliament with such disdain.

This, somehow, pales in comparison with how the government has treated the people through this process. To demand a time of departisanisation, asking politicians to work together in the national interest, before calling a snap general election for party gain shows this government holds even its own people in the lowest possible regard.

Now, the future of this country is in the control of a handful of politicians as the Prime Minister goes on her version of a charm offensive. An election debate with neither an election called or much of a debate being forced on the nation is not only pointless but patronising. The Prime Minister wants us to have second best, not respecting the real will of the people to demand better than Brexit.

When it comes to Brexit, this Conservative government has been paranoid, partisan and pathetic. Liberal Democrats demand better.

It’s time to give the people – not the government, the backbenchers or the opposition – the final say on Brexit. The government is clearly unable to command the confidence of the House, its Brexit deal will stall and our democracy will ground to a halt. The Prime Minister’s government will likely be found in contempt of Parliament – if she doesn’t call a People’s Vote now, she will be in contempt of the people.


Why we need to Take Control of Bristol's Buses

If you’ve taken the bus in Bristol you know you’re rolling the dice. It has become luck of the draw when your bus will turn up, if it turns up at all and if it’ll take you near where you want to go. If you live on an unpopular route you risk your vital service being limited or even cancelled completely by the bus companies as its not profitable enough.

Liberal Democrats demand better. We believe that buses should be accountable to their passengers not shareholders and union bosses. Buses in Bristol should be reliable, clean and available to everyone. They’re not, but they could be.

Last weekend I joined other Bristolians who are sick and tired of the buses in Bristol letting them and their families down. The frustration is palpable, but we need to ensure we are directing it at the right place. As former Bristol West MP Stephen Williams pointed out, the power to make these changes lies with the Conservative's West of England Metro Mayor, the invisible man, Mr Tim Bowles. He has the power to change people's lives for the better, but refuses to act. 

The Bristol Liberal Democrats are backing a local campaign to take control of Bristol’s buses. The campaign wants to take power out of the hands of the bus companies and give it to our local authority. They would then have the powers to decide bus routes, timetables and introduce quality controls to tackle the dangerous levels of pollution in our area.

Our public transport should run in interest of the public. Back our campaign to make buses better for Bristol.

Sign the petition here: www.change.org/p/bristol-city-council-take-control-of-bristol-s-buses


Response to Withdrawal Agreement: No Brexit is still the best option

The Prime Minister admitted last night that there are three options before the country: Her deal, no deal and no Brexit. 

The deal on the table is a bad deal. It will damage the large of our economy, make us rule takers but not rule makers, and offers no long-term solution to the Irish border problem. 

Listening to the Prime Minister's statement in the House, it is clear that there is no Parliamentary majority for her deal. The Liberal Democrats are voting against it. As are Labour, the SNP, Tory remainers and Brexiteers. In fact, it's difficult to find anyone who is actually supporting it. 

Forces will continue to move against the Prime Minister, with the hard-right pushing for a no deal Brexit which has the potential to be catastrophic for our country. It is therefore important for MPs not to be fooled into thinking it is a choice between a bad deal and no deal at all. There is a third way. 

From day one, myself and my party have been campaigning for the British people to have the final say, with the option to remain in the EU. Then we were a lone voice in the debate. That is why today it was so fantastic to hear so many MPs (though still some noticeable absences) standing up in the House and urging the PM to go back to the people. 

A People's Vote is not only the democratic and principled choice, but it is also the pragmatic and sensible one. Only through a People's Vote can we break the deadlock and end the Brexit chaos. 

No doubt by tomorrow this blog will be out of date. But, whatever happens over the coming days and weeks be sure that myself and my party will continue to put forward the case for securing a People's Vote, getting an exit from Brexit and remaining in the European Union. 


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